Technology International Incorporated 0f Virginia
Dr. Ali M. El-Nashar

Dr. El-Nashar has expertise in modeling, system analysis, fluid flow, fluid dynamics, and heat transfer, water desalination and energy conversion. He has extensive experience in the design and development of advanced energy conversion and water systems. He has a strong background in nuclear systems. Dr. El-Nashar has been extensively involved in several safety analysis projects, including two phase flow and operation data analysis, and the adaptation and utilization of Stirling engines in solar power systems and desalination plants. Dr. El-Nashar has conducted a state-of-the-art study of Stirling engines and provided recommendations for possible modifications to assure compatibility of the engine with solar-powered desalination and water treatment plants.

Dr. El-Nashar has over 25 years experience in RD&E, design and operation of RO and vertical multiple effect systems. He also performed R&D work on freezing desalination, design, simulation, and cost estimation of various desalination and water treatment systems. He has performed and supervised RD&E projects funded by DOE, DOE-SERI, NSF, and private industry on desalination; water reuse, purification and treatment; and liquid waste reduction, including design of: (1) hybrid solar desalination plant using RO and ED, (2) small solar powered RO unit, (3) wind driven RO plant for agriculture, (4) passive solar greenhouse using solar stills,9 and (5) low level liquid radwaste process using freezing and ED as alternatives to IX.10 The radwaste treatment was patented. Also, he has performed extensive research on reliability and maintainability of desalination plants, and selection of appropriate technology for desalination and water treatment.

Dr. El-Nashar has provided consultation to: CH2M Hill, Inc., Gainesville, FL; Science Applications, Inc., Ames, IA; Clemson University, Clemson, S.C.; Dow Chemical Europe, Zurich, Switzerland; and Agency for Arab Industrial Development, Cairo, Egypt. Dr. El-Nashar worked on various projects involving RO and development of processes to arrest oil spill contamination of desalination plants. He worked on the design and development of desalination systems. He coordinated projects on Advanced Energy Systems and solar desalination plants. His duties, included search for means to mitigate the impact of human errors in maintenance tasks on nuclear power plants. He participated in a NASA project assessing Jet Pump performance and a Babcock and Wilcox project on Two-Phase Boiling Heat Transfer and Dry-out in Rod Clusters.

Dr. El-Nashar industrial experience, includes Senior Engineer and Director of R&D and Plants Operation, in the Water and Electricity Directorate, Abu Dhabi, UAE; Project Engineer at Babcock & Wilcox (Operations) LTD., Research Station, Scotland, U.K.; and Project Advisor at the Egyptian Atomic Energy Establishment, Cairo, Egypt.

Dr. El-Nashar academic experience, includes: Associate Professor , Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL; Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mansoura, Mansoura, Egypt; Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Textiles, Clemson University, S.C.; Research Associate, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Clemson University, S.C.; Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lanchester Polytechnic, Rugby, England, U.K.; Research Graduate and Instructor, Nuclear Engineering Laboratory, Queen Mary College, University of London, London, England, U.K.; and Instructor, College of Engineering, University of Alexandria, Egypt.

Dr. El-Nashar has participated and/or managed various research and development projects, including:

* Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics in Concentric Annulus with Suction or Injection. Queen Mary College, University of London, England, U.K.
* Boundary Layer Control in Annular and Two-Dimensional Short Diffusers of the Griffith Type. NASA project conducted at Clemson University.
* Jet Pump Performance with Short Griffith Diffuser. Sponsored by NASA at Clemson University.
* Two-Phase Boiling Heat Transfer and Dry-Out in Rod Clusters. Babcock & Wilcox (Operations), Ltd., UK.
* Heat Transfer in the Flash Distillation Process. Study supported and carried out at the Egyptian Atomic Energy Establishment, Egypt.
* A Study on the Membrane Formation Procedure for Zr(IV) -PAA dynamically Formed Reverse Osmosis Membranes. Florida Institute of Technology.
* A Study on the Casting Procedure and Performance of Cellulose Acetate Hydrocast Tubular Membranes. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida Institute of Technology.
* The Design, Manufacturing, and Testing of Small Spiral-Wound Cellulose Acetate Module for Low Pressure Operation. U.S. Agency for International Development.
* Hyperfiltration for Renovation of Textile Finishing Plant Wastewater. U.S. EPA Project Grant No. 5800929 to La France Industries, Riegel Textile Corp., La France, SC.
* Hyperfiltration of Shower and Laundry Wastewater. NASA sponsored project at Clemson University.
* Hyperfiltration for Renovation of Composite Wastewater at Eight Textile Finishing Plants. U.S. EPA Project Grant No. 5802973 to South Carolina Textile Manufacturers Association.

Dr. El-Nashar holds a Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering from University of London, Queen Mary College, England, U.K. with Minors in Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics. He also holds a B.SC. in Mechanical Engineering from the College of Engineering, University of Alexandria, Egypt with Minors in Thermal Engineering, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Mechanics.

Dr. El-Nashar is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, National Water Supply Improvement Association, International Desalination & Environmental Association, British Nuclear Energy Society (UK), and Development Consultants Association (Egypt). He has the following honorary appointments: Director, International Desalination and Environmental Association (IDEA); Member, International Committee on Reverse Osmosis Technology; and Member, Editorial Board, National Water Supply Improvement Association Journal (USA).